Spain’s Socialist Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez has given 11 of his 17 cabinet posts to women, a higher proportion than anywhere else in Europe.
Mr Sánchez’s choice was in marked contrast to the male-dominated executives of ex-PM Mariano Rajoy, who was ousted last week.
Women are given some of the biggest jobs including the defence, economy, finance and education portfolios.
Separately, an ex-astronaut has been given the role of science minister.
Mr Sánchez’s mix of party colleagues and experienced figures from outside politics is being described in Spain as a “feminist cabinet”. In a televised statement, he said his new government was made up of people who “shared the same vision of a progressive society that was both modernising and pro-European”.
He spoke of Europe as “our new homeland” and said he saw his cabinet as a faithful reflection of a change in Spain that had emerged on 8 March through a feminist movement. An estimated five million women across the country staged a “feminist strike” on that day against wage inequality and gender violence.
The new prime minister, who is a self-styled feminist, said it marked a watershed moment in Spanish society.
Who’s who in the Sánchez government?
One of the biggest jobs has gone to Carmen Calvo, a Socialist who will become deputy prime minister and take charge of a reinstated equality ministry. Some of the other new ministers are:
- María Jesús Montero, a former Andalusia councillor, will be finance minister
- Nadia Calviño, the chief of budget at the EU Commission, will be economy minister
- Dolores Delgado, a prosecutor specialising in anti-terrorism, will be justice minister
- Margarita Robles, a close aide to the prime minister, gets the defence ministry
- Isabel Celáa, a Socialist with long-standing experience in education becomes education minister
- Josep Borrell, the former European Parliament president, will be foreign minister
- Fernando Grande Marlaska, an openly gay magistrate and former high-court judge, becomes interior minister
Spain’s new government of 18 is 61.1% women – the highest proportion in the country’s history. Only a handful of countries have governments where at least 50% of ministers are women. They include France, Sweden and Canada.
New PM looks beyond party for talent
Pedro Sánchez promised his government would be “Socialist and have gender parity”. In fact, the government is not entirely Socialist because of its strong technocratic core, and women are commanding a majority.
Given that Mr Sánchez has promised to call elections in less than two years and that he has inherited the outgoing government’s budget for 2018, he is looking for a formula that will give him victory at the polls. He may have only 84 seats out of 350 and will struggle to pass reforms, but he hopes to at least dangle enticing plans before Spanish voters.
He has made a point of sourcing talent from outside his party as well as within. The women in his cabinet include a climate change treaty negotiator, a top Eurocrat and Spain’s top anti-terror prosecutor.
Who’s the astronaut?
One of the other stand-out names was ex-astronaut Pedro Duque, 55, who last went to space in 2003 as part of an International Space Station (ISS) mission.
An aeronautical engineer with three children, he was selected by the European Space Agency’s astronaut corps in 1992 and travelled to space for the first time in 1998, when he joined Nasa’s STS-95 mission from Cape Canaveral. Mr Duque served as a mission specialist aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery on the nine-day mission.
He and three other STS-95 crew members were awarded the Princess of Asturias Award for international cooperation in 1999, which called them “the architects of the pacific exploration of the universe”. In 2003, he took part in the 10-day Cervantes ISS mission as a flight engineer on the Russian Soyuz-TMA.
Conservative Popular Party leader Mariano Rajoy, who took office in 2011, lost his job as prime minister last week after losing a no-confidence motion in parliament.
Mr Sánchez won the support of six other parties to remove Mr Rajoy in the wake of a massive corruption scandal. However, his party only has a quarter of the seats in parliament.
On Wednesday, Mr Rajoy, 63, said he planned to leave the political scene, saying “there are other things to do in life than dedicate oneself to politics”.
He added: “I had an enormously intense political life and I think it makes no sense to stay longer here.”