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Christmas traditions in Spain – did you know these 5?

BayRadio | December 4, 2020

BayRadio’s home province of Alicante has become a national sensation in Spain after bagging a Guinness World Record – but what other christmas traditions exist in Spain?

The whopping 18m nativity scene currently outside Alicante’s town hall is a sight for UK eyes accustomed to the traditional church scenes of hay and baby Jesus.

alicante guinness world record belen nativity scene
Alicante put itself on the map this Christmas with a giant 18m-tall nativity scene, which bagged it a Guinness World Record. Read more here.

But aside from giant nativity scenes, Spain is home to numerous Christmas traditions not celebrated anywhere else.

Here’s a pick of BayRadio’s top-10 favourites.

1. Christmas tradition: Christmas lights

Christmas lighting is a national sensation in Spain.

Newspapers in every city across the nation light up with the announcement of their city’s wondrous displays – and the business that complain their streets haven’t been lit yet.

BayRadio’s home of Javea made a touching display of Christmas lights this year.

A town hall statement said: “This year the lights will be lit earlier than normal, and on a grander scale, to create an ambience that animates people to wander round the town and visit local businesses in these times of crisis.”

A Christmas tree lighting up Javea’s Puerto.

2. Christmas tradition: Nativity scenes

Nativity scenes are known as a belén or ‘Bethlehem’ in Spanish.

Beléns have different characteristics across the Spanish speaking world – in Cataluña, for example, beléns typically include a man emptying his bowls behind a tree.

The so-called caganer is a reference to agricultural ‘cults’ in the region who traditionally celebrated the fertility of the soil during the winter solstice.

The caganer often featured in beléns in Cataluña.

3. Christmas tradition: Turrón

While the Brits eat mince pies, in Spain the most typical Christmas delicacies are the almond-based turrón and mazapán.

Turrón is a type of nougat, and traditionally comes in two varieties: Alicante or Jijona (a city in the province also known as Alicante).

The Alicante version features whole almonds with honey, while the Jijona version features ground almonds and honey in a paste-like substance.

BayRadio prefers the Jijona version.. how about you?

Jijona turrón (top) vs Alicante turrón (bottom).

4. Christmas tradition: Villancicos

The Spanish also sing at Christmas – but their carols are known as villancicos.

The songs are accompanied by two specific instruments: a tambourine and a drum known as the zambomba.

Villancicos are much livelier than British carols and traditionally saw people gather in the streets (not this year, of course!).

5. Christmas tradition: Reyes Magos

In Spain children don’t ask Santa Claus for presents – the ask the Three Wise Men.

The most-memorable day of Spain’s christmas traditions is known as Reyes Magos and celebrated on 6th January each year.

Children typically write a letter to the Reyes, telling them how good they’ve been and – of course – asking for presents.

On the 5th, children clean their shoes and leave them out in the open for the Reyes to fill with sweets – or burnt sugar, if they’ve been bad.

The day is usually celebration across Spain, with each town hall organising a special Cabalgata with the ceremonial arrival, camping and gift-giving to baby Jesus.

The festival in the Alicante city of Alcoy is acknowledged as a Fiesta of national interest.

The highlight of Alcoy’s Cabalgata is watching hoards of black-faced youngsters scale up balconies in the city centre to bring pre-arranged presents to families and friends.

Cabalgata de los Reyes Magos in Alcoy, Alicante, Spain.

Written by BayRadio

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